Eighty years ago, modern air raid precautions and village fete combine on Clapham Common

In something of a festival atmosphere there was a demonstration of various air raid precaution measures on Clapham Common. Regular tennis, putting and kite-flying sessions were not disturbed and blended in a strange variant of the village fete. Using the tethered barrage balloons, whose combat function was to force attacking aircraft higher, to carry the loudspeakers on which public announcements and speeches were made only added to this strange blend. The mayors  of the surrounding boroughs were out in force. The flypast of the Bristol Blenheim fighters of 601 (County of London) (Fighter) Squadron was rather more military  but even here there was a flavour of a visit by the local gentry. The squadron was famously manned by the well-heeled, giving it the nickname “The millionaires’ mob.” The Blenheim was also useless as a fighter aircraft and fortunately 601’s were superseded by Hawker Hurricanes in time for the Battle of Britain.

Josef Goebbels, the Nazi propaganda minister visited Danzig for the congress of the local Nazi party. Before a crowd of 10,000 he gave an emphatic commitment that the goal that the F├╝hrer had stated a couple of months before, that Danzig would return to the Reich, would be achieved. Germany was led by Hitler and not some worthless bourgeois politician. The speechifying emanating from Warsaw and London were irrelevant to the process. In practice all that Britain had any hope of influencing was the manner in which the transfer was effected.

Close observers of the diplomatic scene might have noted that Count Schulenberg, the German ambassador to Moscow had returned to his post, after being recalled to Berlin for consultations. Moreover, he was to report back on the prospects of a renewal of the trade deal between Germany and the Soviet Union. If his findings were positive, a German trade delegation would be despatched to negotiate. Coupled with the swift refusal of the most recent set of Anglo-French proposals delivered by Stalin’s recently installed hard-line foreign minister, Molotov, this might have given a hint of the diplomatic revolution that was to arrive two months later.


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